22Nov 2015

The Low Voltage Directive

The upcoming Directive LVD 2014/35/EU will be replacing LVD 2006/95/EU as of 20 April, 2016 .

A Guidance document on the Low Voltage Directive transition from 2006/95/EC to 2014/35/EU is now available on the EU file http://ec.europa.eu/growth/sectors/electrical-engineering/lvd-directive/index_en.htm with a list of frequently asked questions and answers.
 
 
The Low Voltage Directive (LVD)

The Low Voltage Directive (LVD) 2006/95/EC ensures that electrical equipment within certain voltage limits provides a high level of protection for European citizens, and benefits fully from the Single Market. However, as of 20 April, 2016, this Directive will be repealed by the new LVD Directive 2014/35/EU.

What is the LVD Directive?


EU legislation in the electrical sector is important to ensure European-wide harmonisation of a set of essential health and safety requirements for products placed on the market.
The LVD covers all health and safety risks of electrical equipment operating with a voltage between 50 and 1000 V for alternating current and between 75 and 1500 V for direct current. These voltage ratings refer to the voltage of the electrical input or output, not to voltages that may appear inside the equipment.
Consumer goods with a voltage below 50 V for alternating current or 75 V for direct current are dealt with by the General Product Safety Directive (GPSD) 2001/95/EC, which aims to ensure that only safe consumer products are sold in the EU.
For conformity assessment, there is no third party intervention, as the manufacturer undertakes the conformity assessment.
This Directive is considered a success due to the consistently low level of European accidents with respect to this type of equipment, as compared with other trading regions.

New LVD Directive 2014/35/EU
 
As of 20 April 2016, Directive 2006/95/EC will be repealed by the new LVD Directive 2014/35/EU.
 
This directive is aligned to the New Legislative Framework policy. Nevertheless, Directive 2014/35/EU will keep the same scope and safety objectives as Directive 2006/95/EC.


Guidelines on the application of the Directive
A Guidance document on the Low Voltage Directive transition from 2006/95/EC to 2014/35/EU is now available, with a list of frequently asked questions and answers.

link to the Guidelines
 
These Guidelines on the application of Low Voltage Directive have been put together by the European Commission services and other stakeholders (industry, national authorities, standardisation and other bodies) to assist in the smooth and level application of the provisions of the Directive. They are not law and do not take away the relevant responsibilities provided for, but explain in an understandable way various elements of the Directive “Guidelines on the application of the Directive”.


Further to the Guidelines, the following documents on the Working Party and Administrative Cooperation Working Group may be consulted :


Working Party (LVD WP)
The Working Party (LVD WP) deals with general policy issues related to the management and implementation of the Directive, chaired by the Commission and involving Member States, Standardisers, Notified Bodies, Industry and other interested parties. LVD WP Documents are not legally binding. They aim at clarifying certain provisions or elements of the Directive.
Documents adopted or endorsed by LVD WP

Administrative Co-operation Working Group (LVD ADCO)
The LVD ADCO is an independent Working Group run and chaired by the Member States. The Group is a forum for cooperation and exchange of information between national market surveillance authorities.
LVD ADCO documents include "recommendations" issued by LVD ADCO WG and Reports of cross-border market surveillance projects. These documents are not legally binding. They do not necessarily represent the opinion of the European Commission or the LVD WP. If and when they are applied by market surveillance authorities, the provisions and principles of the LVD shall be respected.
Existing ADCO Recommendations
Past ADCO Recommendations
ADCO Reports and Information Documents
Commission opinions within the framework of LVD

Standardisation
Unlike other Directives, the current text of the Low Voltage Directive (LVD) 2006/95/EC neither requires a mandate to the standardisation bodies nor do these standards require publication in the Official Journal of the European Union (OJEU) to provide for a presumption for conformity.
However, according to the Low Voltage Directive 2014/35/EU, applicable from 20 April 2016, only the references of the harmonised standards published in the OJEU give presumption of conformity with the safety objectives.
Current list of European Harmonised Standards under the LVD:
LVD standards
Mandates The texts of mandates can be found on the page Standardisation - Mandates
General mandate M/511 under Directive 2014/35/EU
Lighting chains M/449 EN D(2009)24698
Multimeters M/446 EN D(2009)23517
Personal music players and mobile phones with a music playing function M/452 EN D(2009)29858
 
Notified bodies
Conformity assessment bodies are notified by the competent Member State Authorities, to carry out the relevant conformity assessment procedures on products to be placed on the EU market, according to the applicable EU legislation.
But unlike other Directives, LVD 2006/95/EC does not require notified bodies to carry out the conformity assessment procedure. The role of notified bodies in the LVD is to make a report in accordance with the provisions of Article 8 or give an opinion in accordance with the provisions of Article 9 of Directive 2006/95/EC.
However, in the LVD 2014/35/EU that will be applicable from 20 April 2016, the role of notified bodies will disappear completely.
See the lists for LVD on the NANDO website


 


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